(a) Scope. This section is intended to prescribe rules and establish minimum requirements for the design, construction, selection, care, and use of all self-supporting and non-self-supporting portable ladders, in order to insure safety under normal conditions of usage. This section does not apply to ladder type step stools or other types of step stools except for the definition of "step stool (ladder type)" in subsection (b) and the design and construction requirements of subsection (c)(5).
Extension Ladder. An extension ladder is a non-self-supporting portable ladder adjustable in length. It consists of two or more sections traveling in guides or brackets so arranged as to permit length adjustment. Its size is designated by the sum of the lengths of the sections measured along the side rails.
Extension Trestle Ladder. An extension trestle ladder is a self-supporting portable ladder, adjustable in length, consisting of a trestle ladder base and a vertically adjustable single ladder, with suitable means for locking the ladders together. The size is designated by the length of the trestle ladder base.
Ladders. A ladder is an appliance usually consisting of two side rails joined at regular intervals by crosspieces called steps, rungs, or cleats, on which a person may step in ascending or descending.
Sectional Ladder. A sectional ladder is a non-self-supporting portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, consisting of two or more sections of ladder so constructed that the sections may be combined to function as a single ladder. Its size is designated by the overall length of the assembled sections.
Side-Rolling Ladder. A side-rolling ladder is a semifixed ladder, nonadjustable in length, supported by attachments to a guide rail, which is generally fastened to shelving, the plane of the ladder being also its plane of motion.
Single Ladder. A single ladder is a non-self-supporting portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, consisting of but one section. Its size is designated by the overall length of the side rail.
Single-Rail Ladder. A ladder with rungs, cleats, or steps mounted on a single-rail instead of the normal two rails used on most other ladders.
Special-Purpose Ladder. A special-purpose ladder is a portable ladder which represents either a modification or a combination of design or construction features in one of the general-purpose types of ladders previously defined, in order to adapt the ladder to special or specific uses.
Step Ladder. A step ladder is a self-supporting portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, having flat steps and a hinged back. Its size is designated by the overall length of the ladder measured along the front edge of the side rails.
Step stool (ladder type). A self-supporting, foldable, portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, 32 inches or less in length, with flat steps and without a pail shelf, designed so that the ladder top cap as well as all steps can be climbed on. The side rails may extend above the top-cap but such extension is not considered as part of the step stool length.
Trestle Ladder. A trestle ladder is a self-supporting portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, consisting of two sections hinged at the top to form equal angles with the base. The size is designated by the length of the side rails measured along the front edge.
Trolley Ladder. A trolley ladder is a semifixed ladder, nonadjustable in length, supported by attachments to an overhead track, the plane of the ladder being at right angles to the plane of motion.
(c) Design and Construction.
(1) Portable wood ladders placed in service after January 7, 2011 shall meet the design and construction requirements of ANSI A14.1-2007, American National Standard for Ladders - Wood Safety Requirements, which is hereby incorporated by reference. Portable wood ladders placed in service on or before January 7, 2011, shall meet the design and construction requirements of the ANSI A14.1 standard in effect at the time such ladders were placed in service.
EXCEPTION: Portable job-made cleat ladders that are designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of Section 1676 of the Construction Safety Orders.
(2) Portable metal ladders placed in service after January 7, 2011, shall meet the design and construction requirements of ANSI A14.2-2007, American National Standard for Ladders - Portable Metal - Safety Requirements, which is hereby incorporated by reference. Portable metal ladders placed in service on or before January 7, 2011, shall meet the design and construction requirements of either the ANSI A14.2 standard or the ANSI A14.10 standard, American National Standard for Ladders - Portable Special Duty Ladders, in effect at the time such ladders were placed in service.
(3) Portable reinforced plastic ladders placed in service after January 7, 2011, shall meet the design and construction requirements of ANSI A14.5-2007, American National Standard for Ladders - Portable Reinforced Plastic - Safety Requirements, which is hereby incorporated by reference. Portable reinforced plastic ladders placed in service on or before January 7, 2011, shall meet the design and construction requirements of either the ANSI A14.5 standard or the ANSI A14.10 standard in effect at the time such ladders were placed in service.
(4) Portable special purpose ladders that are not covered by one of the ANSI A14 standards referenced in this section shall be designed and constructed in accordance with sound engineering principles and approved per Section 3206.
(5) Ladder type step stools shall be designed and constructed such that the rungs, cleats, and steps are not less than 8 inches apart, or more than 12 inches apart, as measured between center lines of the rungs, cleats, and steps.
(1) Ladders shall be selected and their use restricted to the purpose for which the ladder is designed. Single-rail ladders shall not be used.
(A) Scaffolds or other worker positioning equipment shall be used when work cannot be safely done from ladders.
(B) Portable ladders are generally designed for one-person use to meet the requirements of the person, the task, and the environment. When selecting a ladder for use, consideration shall be given to the ladder length or height required, the working load, the duty rating, worker position to the task to be performed, and the frequency of use to which the ladder will be subjected.
NOTE: Subsection (e)(16)(D) prohibits the use of ladders that exceed specified maximum lengths.
(2) Ladders shall be used according to the following duty classifications:
Working Load (Pounds)
(3) Ladders used in connection with ladder jack scaffolds shall be Type I, IA, or IAA duty rated ladders and shall be installed and used in accordance with the Construction Safety Orders, Section 1648.
(4) Ladders used in connection with outdoor advertising structures shall be Type I, IA, or IAA duty rated and shall be used in accordance with Section 3413.
(e) Care, Use, Inspection and Maintenance of Ladders.
(1) Maintenance. Ladders shall be maintained in good condition at all times, the joint between the steps and side rails shall be tight, all hardware and fittings securely attached, and the movable parts shall operate freely without binding or undue play. Metal ladders shall not be exposed to acid or alkali materials that are capable of corroding the ladder and reducing the ladder's strength, unless the employer obtains and follows the recommendations of the ladder manufacturer or a qualified person regarding exposure to corrosive materials.
(2) Inspection. Ladders shall be inspected by a qualified person for visible defects frequently and after any occurrence that could affect their safe use.
(3) Damaged Ladders. Ladders that have developed defects shall be withdrawn from service for repair or destruction; and tagged or marked as "Dangerous, Do Not Use" or with similar language. Ladders with broken or missing steps, rungs, cleats, safety feet, side rails, or other defects shall not be used.
(4) Cleaning. Ladders shall be free of oil, grease, or slippery materials.
(5) Surface Coatings.
Wood ladders shall not be painted with other than a transparent material.
(6) Loading. Portable ladders shall not be overloaded when used.
(7) Footing Support. The ladder base section of surface supported ladders shall be placed on a secure and level footing. When necessary, ladder levelers shall be used to achieve equal rail support on uneven surfaces. Ladders shall not be placed on boxes, barrels or other unstable bases to obtain additional height. Ladders shall not be used on ice, snow or slippery surfaces unless suitable means to prevent slippage have been employed.
(8) Top Support. The top of non-self-supporting ladders such as single and extension ladders shall be placed with the two rails supported equally, unless a single support attachment is provided and used.
The top rest for portable rung and cleat ladders shall be reasonably rigid and shall have ample strength to support the applied load.
(9) Angle of Inclination. Non-self-supporting ladders such as single ladders and extension ladders shall, where possible, be used at such a pitch that the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is one-quarter of the working length of the ladder (the length along the ladder between the foot and the top support). The ladder shall be so placed as to prevent slipping, or it shall be tied, blocked, held, or otherwise secured to prevent slipping. Ladders shall not be used in a horizontal position as platforms, runways, or scaffolds unless designed for such use.
(10) Access to Elevated Work Areas. Except when portable ladders are used to gain access to fixed ladders (such as those on utility towers, billboards, and other structures where the bottom of the fixed ladder is elevated to limit access), when two or more separate ladders are used to reach an elevated work area, the ladders shall be offset with a platform or landing between the ladders.
(11) Access to Landings. When portable ladders are used for access to an upper landing surface, the side rails shall extend not less than 36 inches above the upper landing surface to which the ladder is used to gain access; or when such an extension is not possible, then the ladder shall be secured at its top to a rigid support that will not deflect, and a grasping device, such as a grab-rail, shall be provided to assist employees in mounting and dismounting the ladder. In no case shall the extension be such that ladder deflection under a load would, by itself, cause the ladder to slip off its support.
EXCEPTION No. 1: A grasping device such as a grab-rail is not required where the employee is protected by personal fall protection system in accordance with Article 24 of the Construction Safety Orders, Article 36 of the High-Voltage Electrical Safety Orders, Article 12 of the General Industry Safety Orders, or Article 1 of the Telecommunication Safety Orders. Operations or conditions not specifically covered by Article 36 of the High-Voltage Electrical Safety Orders, Article 12 of the General Industry Safety Orders, or Article 1 of the Telecommunication Safety Orders shall comply with the fall protection provisions of Article 24 of the Construction Safety Orders.
EXCEPTION No. 2: The provisions of this subsection do not apply to emergency rescue and emergency rescue training operations where it is not practical to extend a portable ladder 36 inches or more above the landing surface.
(12) Fastening Together. Ladders shall not be tied or fastened together to provide longer sections unless the ladders are designed for such use and equipped with the necessary hardware fittings.
(13) Erection of Extension Ladders. Extension ladders shall always be erected so that the top section (fly section) is above and resting on the bottom section (base section) with the rung locks engaged.
(14) Ladder Placement. Ladders shall not be placed in passageways, doorways, driveways, or any location where they may be displaced by activities being conducted on any other work, unless protected by barricades or guards.
(15) Climbing and Working on Ladders.
(A) The employee shall climb or work with the body near the middle of the step or rung and shall not overreach from this position. When necessary to avoid overreaching, the employee shall descend and reposition the ladder. When it is not practical to work with the body near the middle of the step or rung, the ladder shall be secured to the top support, and the employee shall be protected by a personal fall protection system in accordance with Article 36 of the High-Voltage Electrical Safety Orders, Article 24 of the Construction Safety Orders, Article 12 of the General Industry Safety Orders, or Article 1 of the Telecommunication Safety Orders. Operations or conditions not specifically covered by Article 36 of the High-Voltage Electrical Safety Orders, Article 12 of the General Industry Safety Orders, or Article 1 of the Telecommunication Safety Orders shall comply with the fall protection provisions of Article 24 of the Construction Safety Orders.
(B) Employees shall be prohibited from carrying equipment or materials which prevent the safe use of ladders.
(C) When ascending or descending a ladder, the user shall face the ladder and maintain contact with the ladder at three-points at all times.
NOTE: Contact with the ladder at three points means two feet and one hand, or two hands and one foot which is safely supporting the user's weight.
(D) An employee shall not be permitted to stand and work on the top 3 rungs of a single or extension ladder unless there are members of the structure that provide a firm handhold or the employee is protected by a personal fall protection system in accordance Article 24 of the Construction Safety Orders, Article 36 of the High Voltage Electrical Safety Orders, Article 12 of the General Industry Safety Orders, or Article 1 of the Telecommunication Safety Orders.
(E) Employees shall not sit, kneel, step or stand on the pail shelf, topcap or the step below the topcap of a step ladder.
EXCEPTION: Employees may stand on the step below the topcap provided it is located 18 inches under the topcap.
(F) Cross-bracing on the rear section of step ladders shall not be used for climbing unless the ladders are designed and provided with steps for climbing on both front and rear sections.
(G) Ladders shall not be moved, shifted, or extended while occupied, unless the ladder is designed and recommended for this purpose by the manufacturer.
(16) Prohibited Uses.
(A) Ladders shall not be used as a brace, skid, guy or gin pole, gang-way, or for other uses than that for which they were intended, unless specifically recommended for use by the manufacturer.
(B) Planks shall not be used on the top step or topcap of step ladders.
(C) Step ladders shall not be used as single ladders or in the partially closed position.
(D) Ladders that exceed the following maximum lengths shall not be used:
Maximum Length (Feet)
Two-section extension ladder (wood)
Two-section extension ladder (metal)
Three-section extension ladder (metal)
Two-section extension ladder (reinforced plastic)
Extension trestle ladder base section
Extension trestle ladder extension section
Painter's step ladder
Trolley ladder or side-rolling ladder
(Video) Safety Updates Series: Fall Prevention for Your Business
(E) Two section extension ladders shall not be used when the overlap between the sections is less than the following minimum overlap:
Ladder Size (Feet)
Minimum Overlap (Inches)
Up to and including 32
Over 32, up to and including 36
Over 36, up to and including 48
Over 48, up to and including 60
(17) Portable rung ladders with reinforced rails shall be used only with the metal reinforcement on the under side.
(18) Electrical Hazards. Non-conductive ladders shall be used in locations where the ladder or user may contact unprotected energized electrical conductors or equipment. Conductive ladders shall be legibly marked with signs reading "CAUTION - Do Not Use Around Electrical Equipment," or equivalent wording.
NOTE: Additional requirements for working in proximity to energized electrical equipment can be found in Article 37 of the Electrical Safety Orders.
(19) The area around the top and bottom of a ladder shall be kept clear.
(f) Employee Training. Before an employee uses a ladder, the employee shall be provided training in the safe use of ladders, unless the employer can demonstrate that the employee is already trained in ladder safety as required by this subsection. Supervisors of employees who routinely use ladders shall also be provided ladder safety training, unless the employer can demonstrate that the supervisor is already trained in ladder safety as required by this subsection. The training may be provided as part of the employer's Injury and Illness Prevention Program required by Section 3203. The training shall address the following topics, unless the employer can demonstrate a topic is not applicable to the safe use of ladders in the employer's workplace.
(1) Importance of using ladders safely, including: frequency and severity of injuries related to falls from ladders.
(2) Selection, including: types of ladders, proper length, maximum working loads, and electrical hazards.
(3) Maintenance, inspection, and removal of damaged ladders from service.
(4) Erecting ladders, including: footing support, top support, securing, and angle of inclination.
(5) Climbing and working on ladders, including: user's position and points of contact with the ladder.
(6) Factors contributing to falls, including: haste, sudden movement, lack of attention, footwear, and user's physical condition.
(7) Prohibited uses, including: uses other than designed, climbing on cross bracing, maximum lengths, and minimum overlap of extension ladder sections.
29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(19) states that fall protection must be provided whenever the length of climb on a fixed ladder equals or exceeds 24 feet.
There are no OSHA requirements for ladder storage. OSHA generally instructs employers to follow manufacturer recommendations concerning the safety, storage, and maintenance of equipment. Contact the ladder manufacturer or go to their website for maintenance and care instructions.
The current OSHA standard at §1910.27(d)(2) establishes a maximum limit of 30 feet between platforms; therefore, ladder distances in excess of 30 feet without an intermittent platform would not be in compliance with the standard.
Portable Wood Ladders:
Stepladders – Maximum 20' Type I – Industrial – 3-20' Type II – Commercial – 3-12' Type III – Household – 3-6'
Ladders shall be used only on stable and level surfaces unless secured to prevent accidental displacement. Ladders shall not be used on slippery surfaces unless secured or provided with slip-resistant feet to prevent accidental displacement.
The requirement for a cage comes when you have a fixed ladder longer than 20 feet. The regulations say that if a fixed ladder is taller than 20 feet, you are required to have a cage that meets all the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.27(d).
The base of the ladder should be placed so that it is one foot away from the building for every four feet of hight to where the ladder rests against the building. This is known as the 4 to 1 rule.
The ANSI standard A14. 2-1990 defines a portable ladder as "a ladder that can readily be moved or carried, usually consisting of side rails joined at intervals by step, rungs, cleats, or rear braces."
What are the top three OSHA-cited ladder violations? Lack of worker training, Improper use of the top of step ladders, Not having a portable ladder extend three feet above the landing, View the image and decide whether it has good maintenance or bad maintenance.
Employers have the responsibility to train all their employees to recognize ladder and stairway-related hazards. They should also instruct their employees on how they can minimize these hazards.
Per OSHA 1910.23(b)(4), ladder rungs, steps, and cleats must have a minimum clear width of 16 inches (measured before installation of ladder safety systems) for fixed ladders. Although it's a current OSHA requirement, our fall protection inspection teams still see ladders that do not meet this minimum standard.
OSHA standards are not intended to restrict the use of job-made portable ladders that would safely support work loads in excess of 300 pounds as the maximum capacity. Employers are certainly free to build or purchase ladders that have a greater than 300 pound capacity.
There are two basic types of portable ladders in terms of how the ladder is supported: Self supporting – Stepladders. Not self supporting – Single and Extension Ladders.
Three Main Types of OHSA Ladders
- Portable Ladders.
- Mobile Ladders.
- Fixed Ladders.
11) Portable ladders may be used for long term tasks if installed and designated as a permanent work surface.
b) Type I – These ladders have a duty rating of 250 pounds. Type I ladders are manufactured for heavy-duty use. c) Type II – These ladders have a duty rating of 225 pounds. Type II ladders are approved for medium-duty use.
All ladders in use must be able to support their maximum intended load and have parallel rungs supported by a rail on each side (portable single-rail ladders are prohibited). Rungs must be equally spaced and shaped/built so that the user's foot will not slip during normal use.
- Willful. A willful violation exists under the OSHA Act where an employer has demonstrated either an intentional disregard for the requirements of the Act or plain indifference to employee safety and health. ...
- Serious. ...
- Other-Than-Serious. ...
- De Minimis. ...
- Failure to Abate. ...
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) today announced it is issuing $87,430,000 in proposed penalties to BP Products North America Inc. for the company's failure to correct potential hazards faced by employees. The fine is the largest in OSHA's history.
The quick answer is no, but let me explain why. The OSHA standard for construction (29 CFR 1926.501) requires workers to use fall protection with an unprotected edge that is 6 feet above a lower level. The standard for general industry, walking-working surfaces (1910 Subpart D) requires fall protection at 4 feet.
Always face the ladder and maintain contact with the ladder at three-points at all times. Contact with the ladder at three points means two feet and one hand, or two hands and one foot which is safely supporting the user's weight. Do not carry equipment or materials on ladders.
You should always have a spotter. Several deaths over the last few years happened while workers were transitioning between ladders and scaffolding. In many cases, the fall was 10 feet or less. An extra hand in those places is helpful to steady yourself.
Remember that there is no expiration date for ladders, so as long as you follow proper storage techniques and treat it with care, your ladder could last you an extremely long time.
OSHA requires that employers ensure ladders are inspected on a periodic basis. However, even with periodic inspections, it is still every worker's responsibility to be sure that the ladder they are about to use is in safe working order.
The Duty Rating of your ladder can be found on the specifications label. Safety standards require a Duty Rating sticker to be placed on the side of every ladder. Do not assume that a longer ladder has a higher weight capacity.
If the fixed ladder will reach more than 24 feet above a lower level, you as the employer are required to incorporate a personal fall arrest or ladder safety system into the installation of the ladder.
Color codes for Aluminum Stepladders and Extension Ladders. RED, 200 lbs, ANSI Code Type III. GREEN, 225 lbs, ANSI Code Type II. BLUE, 250 lbs, ANSI Code Type I. BLACK or ORANGE, 300 lbs, ANSI Code Type IA.
Single Pole Ladders (maximum length 9 metres) Extension Ladders (maximum length 15 metres) Step Ladders (maximum height 6.1 metres)
1910.23(c)(1) requires that employers minimize slipping hazards on portable metal ladders. Employers must ensure rungs and steps of portable metal ladders are corrugated, knurled, dimpled, coated with skid resistant materials, or otherwise treated to minimize the possibility of slipping.
Some of the more common hazards involving ladders, such as instability, electrical shock, and falls, can be predicted and prevented. Prevention requires proper planning, correct ladder selection, good work procedures and adequate ladder maintenance.
|Vertical height||75° rung ladder *||45° stairs|
|4.50 m||4.65 m||6.35 m|
|5.00 m||5.20 m||7.05 m|
|5.50 m||5.70 m||7.80 m|
|6.00 m||6.20 m||8.50 m|
For example, a 24-foot extension ladder will consist of two sections each 12 feet long, but the maximum extended length will be 21 feet, because the sections overlap by no less than 1½ feet when the ladder is at maximum extension.
What is the maximum height a ladder can be used? There is no maximum height for using a ladder. However, where a ladder rises 9 metres or more above its base, landing areas or rest platforms should be provided at suitable intervals.
|Extension Ladder Height||Maximum Reach of Extension Ladder||Distance of Base Placement from Wall|
|16 foot||15 feet||4 feet|
|20 foot||19 feet||5 feet|
|24 foot||23 feet||6 feet|
|28 foot||27 feet||7 feet|
8-foot ladder = 12-foot reach. 10-foot ladder = 14-foot reach. 12-foot ladder = 16-foot reach.
Follow the 4 to 1 ratio ladder rule: set the base 1 foot out from the wall for every 4 feet it reaches up. This can be estimated by counting rungs, which are about one foot apart. Ensure latches (or locks) are in place and holding to prevent overloading a rail.
Single Pole Ladders (maximum length 9 metres) Extension Ladders (maximum length 15 metres) Step Ladders (maximum height 6.1 metres)
|STEP LADDER REACH GUIDE|
DON'T use a ladder near any power lines. DO make sure that longer extension ladders (over 18 rungs) have an overlap of at least three rungs. Shorter ones (up to 18 rungs) need a minimum overlap of two. DON'T be tempted to use a ladder if you're not fit enough, or suffer from giddiness or aren't confident with heights.
Each section of an extension ladder should overlap the adjacent section by a minimum num- ber of feet, depending on overall length. For ex- tension ladders up to 36 feet long, overlap should be at least 3 feet; for ladder lengths between 36 and 48 feet, overlap should be at least 4 feet.
Ladders should be placed on a firm level surfaces with rungs horizontal. Users should face the ladder at all times whilst climbing or dismounting. Stepladders should not be used sideways-on where sideways loads are supplied. Only one person should climb or work from a ladder or a stepladder.
Only one person at a time is permitted on a ladder unless the ladder is specifically designed for more than one climber (such as a Trestle Ladder).
As a guide, only use a ladder or stepladder: in one position for a maximum of 30 minutes; for 'light work' - they are not suitable for strenuous or heavy work.
|Max. Height You Want to Reach||Buy This Size Ladder (assumes vertical 12-inch reach)|
If the fixed ladder will reach more than 24 feet above a lower level, you as the employer are required to incorporate a personal fall arrest or ladder safety system into the installation of the ladder.
How high will a 24 foot extension ladder reach:- a 24 foot extension ladder will reach maximum height to 23 feet high and when base placement from wall is 6 feet, a 24 foot extension ladder will touch highest point is 17 feet.
California Code of Regulations, Article 4, Section 3276 - Portable Ladders | California Code of Regulations | Justia ›
California Code of Regulations, Title 8 - Industrial Relations, Division 1 - Department of Industrial Relations, Chapter 4 - Division of Industrial Safety, Subchapter 7 - General Industry Safety Orders, Group 1 - General Physical Conditions and Structures, Article 4 - Access, Work Space, and Work Areas, Section 3276 - Portable Ladders
This section does not apply to ladder type step stools or. other types of step stools except for the definition of "step stool (ladder. type)" in subsection (b) and the design and construction requirements of. subsection (c)(5).. Ladders.. A sectional ladder is a. non-self-supporting portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, consisting of two. or more sections of ladder so constructed that the sections may be combined to. function as a single ladder.. A single ladder is a non-self-supporting. portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, consisting of but one section.. (c) Design and Construction.. EXCEPTION: Portable job-made cleat ladders that are. designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of Section 1676 of. the Construction Safety Orders.. Non-self-supporting ladders such as single ladders and extension. ladders shall, where possible, be used at such a pitch that the horizontal. distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is one-quarter of the. working length of the ladder (the length along the ladder between the foot and. the top support).. When portable ladders are used for access to an upper landing surface, the side. rails shall extend not less than 36 inches above the upper landing surface to. which the ladder is used to gain access; or when such an extension is not. possible, then the ladder shall be secured at its top to a rigid support that. will not deflect, and a grasping device, such as a grab-rail, shall be provided. to assist employees in mounting and dismounting the ladder.. (B) Employees shall be. prohibited from carrying equipment or materials which prevent the safe use of. ladders.. Extension trestle ladder base. section.. (2) Selection, including: types of ladders,. proper length, maximum working loads, and electrical hazards.. (3) Maintenance, inspection, and removal of. damaged ladders from service.. (7). Prohibited uses, including: uses other than designed, climbing on cross. bracing, maximum lengths, and minimum overlap of extension ladder. sections.. Renumbering. and amendment of former section 3276 to section 3275 and new section 3276 filed. 12-11-90; operative 1-10-91 (Register 91, No.
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A cage is a guard that may be referred to as a cage or basket guard, which is an enclosure that is fastened to the side rails of the fixed ladder or to the structure to encircle the climbing space of the ladder for the safety of the person who must climb the ladder.. A rail ladder is a fixed ladder consisting of side rails joined at regular intervals by rungs or cleats and fastened in full length or in sections to a building, structure, or equipment.. (6) For fixed ladders consisting of wood side rails and wood rungs or cleats, used at a pitch in the range 75 degrees to 90 degrees, and intended for use by no more than one person per section, single ladders or cleat ladders as described in Section 3276 are acceptable.. (1) All rungs shall have a minimum diameter of 3/4 inch for metal ladders, except as covered in (e)(1) and a minimum diameter of 1 1/8 inches for wood ladders.. (1) On fixed ladders, the perpendicular distance from the center line of the rungs to the nearest permanent object on the climbing side of the ladder shall be 36 inches for a pitch of 76 degrees, and 30 inches for a pitch of 90 degrees (Fig.. Exceptions: Fixed ladders on fire hose drying towers are not required to have a cage, well, offset platform, or ladder safety device if they do not exceed 30 feet in length and provided their use is restricted to trained fire fighters or others equally trained in ladder use.. When the ladder terminates on a landing platform or walkway at an elevation greater than 30 inches above the ground, a ladder cage extension shall be provided from the bottom of the cage to the top of the guardrail when the distance from the plane of the ladder rungs to the guardrail is equal to or less than that shown in Figure 11, "Ladder Cages at Elevated Locations.". The ladder cage extension or equivalent shall be provided not less than two feet each side of the ladder center line where there is an exposure.. Ladders used primarily in construction operations, fire escape ladders, and ladders equipped with treads.. Ladders on high-voltage transmission towers, chimneys, smoke stack ladders, water tower ladders and similar fixed ladders on permanent installations which are used either infrequently or for emergency only, provided the employee who uses the ladder is supplied with and wears approved personal fall protection equipment, which can be utilized if a rest period is required.. Where access to the landing is through the ladder, the same rung spacing as used on the ladder shall be used from the landing platform to the first rung below the landing (Figure 10).
Read Section 2940.6 - Tools and Protective Equipment, Cal. Code Regs. tit. 8 § 2940.6, see flags on bad law, and search Casetext’s comprehensive legal database
Section 2940.6 - Tools and Protective Equipment (a) Insulating Equipment.. This equipment shall meet the electrical and physical requirements contained in the standards for marking, inspection, performance and testing shown in Appendix C. (2) Whenever rubber insulating gloves are used, they shall be protected by outer canvas or leather gloves.. This equipment shall meet the electrical physical requirements contained in the standards shown in Appendix C. (3) Insulating equipment fabricated of material other than rubber shall provide electrical and mechanical protection at least equal to that of rubber equipment.. When work is performed at elevated locations more than 4 feet (1.2 meters) above the ground on poles, towers or similar structures, the employer shall require the employees to use either fall arrest equipment, fall restriction equipment, work positioning equipment, or travel restricting equipment, if other fall protection methods have not been provided (e.g., guardrails, safety nets, etc.).. (2) Personal fall arrest and positioning equipment used by employees who are exposed to hazards from flames or electric arcs, as determined by the employer under Section 2940.11, shall be labeled as meeting ASTM F 887-04, Standard Specifications for Personal Climbing Equipment, which is hereby incorporated by reference.. (2) Portable conductive ladders shall not be used near energized conductors or exposed energized parts of equipment except as may be necessary in specialized high-voltage work such as in high-voltage substations where non-conductive ladders might present a greater hazard than conductive ladders.. Live-line tools used for primary employee protection shall be removed from service every 2 years, and whenever required under subsection (e)(2) of this section, for examination, cleaning, repair, and testing as follows: (A) Each tool shall be thoroughly examined for defects.
Read Section 3203 - Injury and Illness Prevention Program, Cal. Code Regs. tit. 8 § 3203, see flags on bad law, and search Casetext’s comprehensive legal database
Exception: Employers having fewer than 10 employees shall be permitted to communicate to and instruct employees orally in general safe work practices with specific instructions with respect to hazards unique to the employees' job assignments as compliance with subsection (a)(3).. (7) Provide training and instruction: (A) When the program is first established; Exception: Employers having in place on July 1, 1991, a written Injury and Illness Prevention Program complying with the previously existing Accident Prevention Program in Section 3203.. (8) Allow employee access to the Program.. (B) The employer shall provide access to the Program by doing one of the following: 1.. (C) The Program provided to the employee or designated representative need not include any of the records of the steps taken to implement and maintain the written Program.. (E) The employer shall communicate the right and procedure to access the Program to all employees.. Note2: Employers in the construction industry who are required to be licensed under Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 7000 ) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code may use records relating to employee training provided to the employer in connection with an occupational safety and health training program approved by the Division, and shall only be required to keep records of those steps taken to implement and maintain the program with respect to hazards specific to the employee's job duties.