- 9 minutes to read
DevOps combines development (Dev) and operations (Ops) to unite people, process, and technology in application planning, development, delivery, and operations. DevOps enables coordination and collaboration between formerly siloed roles like development, IT operations, quality engineering, and security.
Teams adopt DevOps culture, practices, and tools to increase confidence in the applications they build, respond better to customer needs, and achieve business goals faster. DevOps helps teams continually provide value to customers by producing better, more reliable products.
DevOps and the application lifecycle
DevOps influences the application lifecycle throughout its planning, development, delivery, and operations phases. Each phase relies on the other phases, and the phases aren't role-specific. A DevOps culture involves all roles in each phase to some extent.
The following diagram illustrates the phases of the DevOps application lifestyle:
DevOps goals and benefits
When a team adopts DevOps culture, practices, and tools, they can achieve amazing things:
Accelerate time to market
Through increased efficiencies, improved team collaboration, automation tools, and continuous deployment--teams are able to rapidly reduce the time from product inception to market launch.
Adapt to the market and competition
A DevOps culture demands teams have a customer-first focus. By marrying agility, team collaboration, and focus on the customer experience, teams can continuously deliver value to their customers and increase their competitiveness in the marketplace.
Maintain system stability and reliability
By adopting continuous improvement practices, teams are able to build in increased stability and reliability of the products and services they deploy. These practices help reduce failures and risk.
Improve the mean time to recovery
The mean time to recovery metric indicates how long it takes to to recover from a failure or breach. To manage software failures, security breaches, and continuous improvement plans, teams should measure and work to improve this metric.
Adopt a DevOps culture
To fully implement DevOps, you must adopt a DevOps culture. Cultivating a DevOps culture requires deep changes in the way people work and collaborate. When organizations commit to a DevOps culture, they create an environment for high-performing teams to evolve. While adopting DevOps practices automates and optimizes processes through technology, without a shift to a DevOps culture within the organization and its people, you won't gain the full benefits of DevOps.
The following image captures key aspects of Microsoft's live site culture.
The following practices are key components of a DevOps culture:
- Collaboration, visibility, and alignment: A hallmark of a healthy DevOps culture is collaboration between teams. Collaboration starts with visibility. Development, IT, and other teams should share their DevOps processes, priorities, and concerns with each other. By planning their work together, they are better positioned to align on goals and measures of success as they relate to the business.
- Shifts in scope and accountability: As teams align, they take ownership and become involved in other lifecycle phases—not just the ones central to their roles. For example, developers become accountable not only to the innovation and quality established in the develop phase, but also to the performance and stability their changes bring in the operate phase. At the same time, IT operators are sure to include governance, security, and compliance in the plan and develop phase.
- Shorter release cycles: DevOps teams remain agile by releasing software in short cycles. Shorter release cycles make planning and risk management easier since progress is incremental, which also reduces the impact on system stability. Shortening the release cycle also allows organizations to adapt and react to evolving customer needs and competitive pressure.
- Continuous learning: High-performing DevOps teams establish a growth mindset. They fail fast and incorporate learnings into their processes. They strive to continually improve, increase customer satisfaction, and accelerate innovation and market adaptability.
Implement DevOps practices
You implement DevOps by following DevOps practices (described in the sections that follow) throughout the application lifecycle. Some of these practices help accelerate, automate, and improve a specific phase. Others span several phases, helping teams create seamless processes that help improve productivity.
Continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD)
Continuous Integration (CI) is the practice used by development teams to automate, merge, and test code. CI helps to catch bugs early in the development cycle, which makes them less expensive to fix. Automated tests execute as part of the CI process to ensure quality. CI systems produce artifacts and feed them to release processes to drive frequent deployments.
Continuous Delivery (CD) is a process by which code is built, tested, and deployed to one or more test and production environments. Deploying and testing in multiple environments increases quality. CD systems produce deployable artifacts, including infrastructure and apps. Automated release processes consume these artifacts to release new versions and fixes to existing systems. Systems that monitor and send alerts run continually to drive visibility into the entire CD process.
Version control is the practice of managing code in versions—tracking revisions and change history to make code easy to review and recover. This practice is usually implemented using version control systems such as Git, which allow multiple developers to collaborate in authoring code. These systems provide a clear process to merge code changes that happen in the same files, handle conflicts, and roll back changes to earlier states.
The use of version control is a fundamental DevOps practice, helping development teams work together, divide coding tasks between team members, and store all code for easy recovery if needed. Version control is also a necessary element in other practices such as continuous integration and infrastructure as code.
Agile software development
Agile is a software development approach that emphasizes team collaboration, customer and user feedback, and high adaptability to change through short release cycles. Teams that practice Agile provide continual changes and improvements to customers, collect their feedback, then learn and adjust based on customer wants and needs. Agile is substantially different from other more traditional frameworks such as waterfall, which includes long release cycles defined by sequential phases. Kanban and Scrum are two popular frameworks associated with Agile.
Infrastructure as code
Infrastructure as code defines system resources and topologies in a descriptive manner that allows teams to manage those resources as they would code. Those definitions can also be stored and versioned in version control systems, where they can be reviewed and reverted—again like code.
Practicing infrastructure as code helps teams deploy system resources in a reliable, repeatable, and controlled way. Infrastructure as code also helps automate deployment and reduces the risk of human error, especially for complex large environments. This repeatable, reliable solution for environment deployment lets teams maintain development and testing environments that are identical to production. Duplicating environments to different data centers and cloud platforms likewise becomes simpler and more efficient.
Configuration management refers to managing the state of resources in a system including servers, virtual machines, and databases. Using configuration management tools, teams can roll out changes in a controlled, systematic way, reducing the risks of modifying system configuration. Teams use configuration management tools to track system state and help avoid configuration drift, which is how a system resource’s configuration deviates over time from the desired state defined for it.
Along with infrastructure as code, it's easy to templatize and automate system definition and configuration, which help teams operate complex environments at scale.
Continuous monitoring means having full, real-time visibility into the performance and health of the entire application stack. This visibility ranges from the underlying infrastructure running the application to higher-level software components. Visibility is accomplished through the collection of telemetry and metadata and setting of alerts for predefined conditions that warrant attention from an operator. Telemetry comprises event data and logs collected from various parts of the system, which are stored where they can be analyzed and queried.
High-performing DevOps teams ensure they set actionable, meaningful alerts and collect rich telemetry so they can draw insights from vast amounts of data. These insights help the team mitigate issues in real time and see how to improve the application in future development cycles.
In the planning phase, DevOps teams ideate, define, and describe the features and capabilities of the applications and systems they plan to build. Teams track task progress at low and high levels of granularity, from single products to multiple product portfolios. Teams use the following DevOps practices to plan with agility and visibility:
- Create backlogs.
- Track bugs.
- Manage Agile software development with Scrum.
- Use Kanban boards.
- Visualize progress with dashboards.
For an overview of the several lessons learned and practices Microsoft adopted to support DevOps planning across the company's software teams, see How Microsoft plans with DevOps.
The development phase includes all aspects of developing software code. In this phase, DevOps teams do the following tasks:
- Select a development environment.
- Write, test, review, and integrate the code.
- Build the code into artifacts to deploy into various environments.
- Use version control, usually Git, to collaborate on code and work in parallel.
To innovate rapidly without sacrificing quality, stability, and productivity, DevOps teams:
- Use highly productive tools.
- Automate mundane and manual steps.
- Iterate in small increments through automated testing and continuous integration (CI).
For an overview of the development practices Microsoft adopted to support their shift to DevOps, see How Microsoft develops with DevOps.
Delivery is the process of consistently and reliably deploying applications into production environments, ideally via continuous delivery (CD).
In the delivery phase, DevOps teams:
- Define a release management process with clear manual approval stages.
- Set automated gates to move applications between stages until final release to customers.
- Automate delivery processes to make them scalable, repeatable, controlled, and well-tested.
Delivery also includes deploying and configuring the delivery environment's foundational infrastructure. DevOps teams use technologies like infrastructure as code (IaC), containers, and microservices to deliver fully governed infrastructure environments.
Safe deployment practices can identify issues before they affect the customer experience. These practices help DevOps teams deliver frequently with ease, confidence, and peace of mind.
Core DevOps principles and processes Microsoft evolved to provide efficient delivery systems are described in How Microsoft delivers software with DevOps.
The operations phase involves maintaining, monitoring, and troubleshooting applications in production environments, including hybrid or public clouds like Azure. DevOps teams aim for system reliability, high availability, strong security, and zero downtime.
Automated delivery and safe deployment practices help teams identify and mitigate issues quickly when they occur. Maintaining vigilance requires rich telemetry, actionable alerting, and full visibility into applications and underlying systems.
Practices Microsoft uses to operate complex online platforms are described in How Microsoft operates reliable systems with DevOps.
- Plan efficient workloads with DevOps
- Develop modern software with DevOps
- Deliver quality services with DevOps
- Operate reliable systems with DevOps
- DevOps solutions on Azure
- The DevOps journey at Microsoft
- Start doing DevOps with Azure
- Security in DevOps (DevSecOps)
Training and Certifications
- Get started with Azure DevOps
- Introduce DevOps Dojo: Create efficiencies that support your business
- AZ-400: Get started on a DevOps transformation journey
- Facilitate communication and collaboration
- Exam AZ-400: Designing and Implementing Microsoft DevOps Solutions
- AZ-400: Implement security and validate code bases for compliance
What is Azure DevOps used for? ›
Azure DevOps supports a collaborative culture and set of processes that bring together developers, project managers, and contributors to develop software. It allows organizations to create and improve products at a faster pace than they can with traditional software development approaches.What does DevOps stand for? ›
Definition. DevOps (a portmanteau of “development” and “operations”) is the combination of practices and tools designed to increase an organization's ability to deliver applications and services faster than traditional software development processes.How is azure DevOps different from DevOps? ›
The major difference between AWS DevOps and Azure DevOps tools is their integration within the scope of their cloud environment and with third-party services.Is Azure DevOps DevOps? ›
Overview of Azure DevOps
Azure DevOps is a software as a service (SaaS) platform that provides DevOps practises and tools for the end-to-end software life cycle. Azure DevOps is not limited to internal tools but is able to integrate with most other industry leading Dev Ops tools.
What is Azure DevOps? Azure DevOps is a service offered by Microsoft based on the Azure cloud computing platform that provides a complete set of tools to manage software development projects. It consists of: Five key services.What is Azure DevOps basics? ›
Azure DevOps is a Software as a service (SaaS) platform from Microsoft that provides an end-to-end DevOps toolchain for developing and deploying software. It also integrates with most leading tools on the market and is a great option for orchestrating a DevOps toolchain.What are the 5 pillars of DevOps? ›
We break DevOps into five main areas: Automation, Cloud-Native, Culture, Security, and Observability. We break DevOps into five main areas: Automation, Cloud-Native, Culture, Security, and Observability.Is DevOps a coding? ›
You can replace Azure DevOps Server with GitHub Enterprise Server to keep data within your network. Like Azure DevOps, you have to install and maintain the software and machine. However, there's a difference if you use the cloud-hosted version.Which is better AWS DevOps or Azure DevOps? ›
No doubt AWS and Azure are the two top players in the cloud technology space because both are very good at what they provide for DevOps in different ways. Azure is rapidly gaining market share, but AWS is still by far the largest cloud computing service provider in the world today.
Is Microsoft discontinuing Azure DevOps? ›
Azure DevOps Starter will be retired March 31, 2023. The corresponding REST APIs for Microsoft.What language is Azure Devops? ›
NET, Java, PHP, Node. js and Python.Is Azure Devops an automation tool? ›
Azure Pipelines, and Build & Release in TFS, help you automate the deployment and testing of your software in multiple environments. With it, you can either fully automate the delivery of your software all the way to production, or set up semi-automated processes with approvals and on-demand deployments.Is Azure DevOps coding? ›
Azure DevOps is a set of tools that allows software development teams to plan and collaborate on software development life cycle including creating features, coding, build, and deployment, testing, and provide feedback on the product.Why DevOps is used? ›
DevOps is important because it's a software development and operations approach that enables faster development of new products and easier maintenance of existing deployments.Can I learn Azure DevOps without coding? ›
Is coding knowledge required? DevOps teams usually require coding knowledge. That doesn't mean coding knowledge is a necessity for every member of the team. So it isn't essential to work in a DevOps environment.What are the 4 key components of DevOps? ›
- CI/CD framework.
- Source control management.
- Build automation tools.
- Code testing framework.
Four steps to good DevOps
- Planning. Well planned is half done, as they say. ...
- Automate testing. ...
- Automate deployment. ...
- Tie it all together.
What is a DevOps Tool? DevOps Tool is an application that helps automate the software development process. It mainly focuses on communication and collaboration between product management, software development, and operations professionals.What is the main focus of DevOps? ›
The key premise behind DevOps is collaboration. Development and operations teams coalesce into a functional team that communicates, shares feedback, and collaborates throughout the entire development and deployment cycle.
How do you explain DevOps project in interview? ›
In a DevOps interview, select the project that took pride in developing and explain the project with confidence. Start explaining the project with the problem statement. Explain the entire process of how you developed the solution. Also, explain the obstacles you faced in the process and how you solved them.How do I practice DevOps? ›
- Foster a Culture of Collaboration and Blameless Communication. ...
- Adopt Continuous Integration and Delivery (CI/CD) ...
- Set up Automated Testing. ...
- Focus on Observability and Find the Right Metrics. ...
- Avoid Manual Work with Automation. ...
- Incorporate Security Early in the Development Lifecycle.
- -g: Print only the effective group id.
- -G: Print all Group ID's.
- -n: Prints name instead of a number.
- -r: Prints real ID instead of numbers.
- -u: Prints only the effective user ID.
- –help: Display help messages and exit.
- –version: Display the version information and exit.
DevOps is currently one of the hottest IT jobs out there. You can opt for a DevOps certificate course to learn more in-depth about DevOps practices and how you can leverage them to transform the work processes. Operations, development, and information technology are three primary roles involved in DevOps practices.Is DevOps job stressful? ›
DevOps engineers are more frequently stressed than the IT average. Over 40% of them admit to being stressed “often” or “very often” compared to 34% of the IT average. Heavy workload is the top stressor at work, with an average of 51% of all respondents identifying it as such.Which language is mostly used in DevOps? ›
Python is one of the most important scripting languages for DevOps engineers. The language can adapt to diverse environments and use cases, which makes it an attractive option for DevOps teams. Python is compatible and versatile across many platforms, including Windows, Linux, and macOS.What is DevOps called now? ›
GitOps evolved from DevOps. The specific state of deployment configuration is version-controlled. Because the most popular version-control is Git, GitOps approach has been named after Git. Changes to configuration can be managed using code review practices, and can be rolled back using version-controlling.What are the disadvantages of Azure DevOps? ›
- Less availability of DevOps professionals.
- Infrastructure cost is high for setting by DevOps environment.
- Lack of DevOps knowledge can lead to problems in the continuous integration of automation projects.
Previously known as Team Foundation Server (TFS), Azure DevOps Server is a set of collaborative software development tools, hosted on-premises.Which platform is best for DevOps? ›
- IBM Skills Network. ...
- Google Cloud. ...
- Johns Hopkins University. ...
- LearnQuest. ...
- University of Virginia. ...
- University of California, Davis. DevOps Culture and Mindset. ...
- Red Hat. Cloud-Native Development with OpenShift and Kubernetes. ...
- The Linux Foundation. Open Source Software Development, Linux and Git.
Does Azure DevOps have a future? ›
We can say, It is the Next Big thing in IT Industries. Azure DevOps is a Software as a service (SaaS) platform from Microsoft that provides an end-to-end DevOps toolchain for developing and deploying software.Who gets paid more DevOps or software engineer? ›
Generally, DevOps engineers earn about 25-35% more than software engineers with the same experience.Is Azure DevOps same as Jira? ›
Azure DevOps and Jira are both helpful tools for software development teams. Jira uses Agile methodologies, offers additional search functionality and can be used beyond software development projects. Azure DevOps can be used by cross-functional teams throughout the entire lifecycle of a software application.Is DevOps becoming obsolete? ›
But the reason DevOps engineers exist is not to ensure the success of its namesake methodology, nor, if we're being honest, is the practice evolving into a role that's viable for future progress. Rather, it's on the verge of becoming obsolete.When should DevOps not be used? ›
If your organization operates with a business model that doesn't require frequently updated software to meet customer demand, that's a good sign DevOps might not be the best fit.What is the main benefit of DevOps? ›
Benefits of DevOps
Faster, better product delivery. Faster issue resolution and reduced complexity. Greater scalability and availability. More stable operating environments.
- 1) Dashboard Control. ...
- 2) Enhanced Source Control. ...
- 3) Track and Plan Your Work. ...
- 4) Continuous Integration and Deployment (CI/CD) ...
- 5) Assistance with Exploratory and Manual Testing. ...
- 6) Services for Integrated Collaboration. ...
- 7) Azure Cloud Hosted Services.
Azure DevOps Starter creates a CI/CD pipeline in Azure Pipelines. You can create a new Azure DevOps organization or use an existing organization. Azure DevOps Starter also creates Azure resources in the Azure subscription of your choice. Sign in to the Azure portal.What is difference between Azure and Azure DevOps? ›
While Microsoft Azure supports Web Based deployment; Azure Devops is suitable for Web Based deployment. While selecting between Microsoft Azure and Azure Devops , figure out which one of the two is compatible with your devices. This will help in reducing the hassle after implementation.What is disadvantage of DevOps? ›
Another potential disadvantage of DevOps is that it can increase the risks associated with software development. This is because DevOps requires a high degree of automation, which can lead to errors if not properly configured. In addition, DevOps can make it difficult to track the source of problems when they occur.
What skills do you need for DevOps? ›
- Linux Fundamentals and Scripting Skills.
- Understanding of Relevant Tools.
- Security Skills.
- Automation Skills.
- Coding and Scripting.
- Cloud Skills.
- Testing Skills.
- Configuration and Version Management.
NET, Java, PHP, Node. js and Python.Does Azure DevOps need coding? ›
Coding and scripting are two of the most important skills for anyone working in DevOps. Without these skills, you'll be unable to automate tasks or work with code repositories.What is Azure DevOps vs Jira? ›
Jira Software is the single source of truth for your entire development lifecycle. Azure DevOps is a suite of software development tools. Jira Software helps teams manage software development, in whatever flavor of agile works best.Is Azure DevOps an API? ›
Welcome to the Azure DevOps Services/Azure DevOps Server REST API Reference. Representational State Transfer (REST) APIs are service endpoints that support sets of HTTP operations (methods), which provide create, retrieve, update, or delete access to the service's resources.Is Azure DevOps a methodology? ›
Azure DevOps has three processes out of the box – Agile, Scrum and CMMI. Each of these processes adheres to a particular methodology.Is DevOps and cloud DevOps same? ›
Cloud engineer is considered as a subset of DevOps engineer. DevOps engineer is considered as a superset of Cloud engineer.